Why Frequent Dieting Makes You Put On Weight – And What To Do About It
Regular dieters seems to lose weight at the initial stage when they take diets to lose weight but will later bounce back and gain weight some time. This situation – dubbed yo-yo dieting – is linked with changes in the body metabolism which make majority of calorie-based diets not to be successful. However what actually causes these metabolic changes is still a mystery till date.
Some research in identical twins that are differed in dieting patterns have proven that non-genetic factors are largely responsible. Do you know that your body does all it can to get back to that new higher set point. Also a new research that was, published in Nature, goes on to explains the reason this happens to some individuals more than others and, importantly, how it could be change.
It was observed that mice that bounced back and increased weight regain after dieting only had a lower energy than the one on steady diets but still ate the same quantity of food. Change in body metabolism usually occurs in yo-yo dieters. The new study has tried to found out why by focusing at an organ of the body that have been forgotten.
The Human Microbiome And What We Do To It
This organ in the human body weighs nearly the same as the liver which is located in the lower intestines. the organ is the microbiome which is the community of microbes that outnumber the body cells they have a hundred-fold more enzymes and genes which are capable of digesting food and regulating our immune systems and the body metabolism . It was discovered that changes to the gut microbes were majorly responsible.
when compared to the normal ones, there a noticeable differences in the gut microbes of the yo-yo dieting mice including a reduction in diversity, that is correlated with obesity and also other metabolic problems in our body. These disordered microbes were transplanted from the weight regainers into the normal mice on normal diets and they saw them gain weight which indicated that the altered microbes were mainly responsible. The scientists could explain how microbes caused weight gain by checking how they digested the plant fibre in their staple diet.
It was observed by the scientists that the altered microbes were under-producing healthy compounds generated from the plants which are called polyphenols (flavonoids) in the gut after dieting. Polyphenols are important in a healthy gut and the main reason why many brightly-coloured foods are gut friendly. The taking poyphenols has been associated with better health and less obesity. The amazing result of this is that, since microbes are involved, the changes post-diet are potentially correctable.
Avoiding The Yo-Yo Dieting Trap
The scientists tried a number of different ways to reduce the weight gain in the mice that are on yo-yo dieting. They first gave the mice antibiotics that altered the microbes and increased polyphenol levels. This fix the problem, but isn’t exactly a practical solution for the human body. They also tried fecal transplants that also worked, these are a bit drastic in human body. They tried to change some of these specific polyphenols through supplementation in the diet which could reduce the weight gain.
The lessons from the above for humans is that episodic weight loss can be dangerous metabolically, damaging your microbes and making you burn less energy. The way out is to look after your microbes as you change back onto normal foods after your diet regimen. Please note that, you need a good healthy plan and dieting foods, feed on plenty of polyphenol and fibre-rich foods, as well as the known fruit and veg, include seeds, nuts, olive oil (extra virgin), dark chocolate, coffee and also a glass of red wine which is good for a healthy heart.
Here is the real deal, if you actually want to loss weigh long term, the best approach is to avoid crash diets and calorie counting altogether,that are doomed to fail. Rather eat real variety of food, plenty of fibre, good dieting plans and allow your microbes take care of the rest.